Namaste Care in the home setting: Developing initial realist explanatory theories and uncovering unintended outcomes.

Dalkin, Sonia, Lhussier, Monique, Kendall, Nicola, Atkinson, Joanne and Tolman, Sharron (2020) Namaste Care in the home setting: Developing initial realist explanatory theories and uncovering unintended outcomes. BMJ Open, 10 (1). e033046. ISSN 2044-6055

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033046

Abstract

Introduction The End-of-Life Namaste Care Program for People with Dementia, challenges the misconception that people with dementia are a ‘shell’; it provides a holistic approach using the five senses, which can provide positive ways of communicating and emotional responses. It is proposed Namaste Care can improve communication and the relationships families and friends have with the person with dementia. Previously used in care homes, this study is the first to explore the pioneering use of Namaste Care in people’s own homes.

Objective To develop initial programme theories detailing if, how and under which circumstances Namaste Care works when implemented at home.

Design A qualitative realist approach following the RAMESES II guidelines was employed to understand not only whether Namaste Care has positive outcomes, but also how these are generated, for whom they happen and in which circumstances.

Setting A hospice in the North East of England, operating in the community, through volunteers.

Participants Programme theories were developed from three focus groups with volunteers implementing Namaste Care (n=8; n=8; n=11) and eight interviews with family carers (n=8).

Results Four refined explanatory theories are presented: increasing engagement, respite for family carers, importance of matched volunteers and increasing social interaction. It was identified that while Namaste Care achieved some of the same goals in the home setting as it does in the care home setting, it could also function in a different way that promoted socialisation.

Conclusions Namaste Care provides holistic and personalised care to people with both moderate and advanced dementia, improving engagement and reducing social isolation. In the present study carers often chose to use Namaste Care sessions as respite. This was often linked to their frustration of the unavoidable dominance of task-focussed care in daily life. Individualised Namaste Care activities thus led to positive outcomes for both those with dementia and their carers.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B300 Complementary Medicine
B700 Nursing
B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Social Work, Education and Community Wellbeing
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2020 09:50
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2020 17:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41777

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