The role of the superior temporal lobe in auditory false perceptions: A transcranial direct current stimulation study

Moseley, Peter, Fernyhough, Charles and Ellison, Amanda (2014) The role of the superior temporal lobe in auditory false perceptions: A transcranial direct current stimulation study. Neuropsychologia, 62. pp. 202-208. ISSN 0028-3932

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.07...

Abstract

Neuroimaging has shown that a network of cortical areas, which includes the superior temporal gyrus, is active during auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs). In the present study, healthy, non-hallucinating participants (N=30) completed an auditory signal detection task, in which participants were required to detect a voice in short bursts of white noise, with the variable of interest being the rate of false auditory verbal perceptions. This paradigm was coupled with transcranial direct current stimulation, a noninvasive brain stimulation technique, to test the involvement of the left posterior superior temporal gyrus in the creation of auditory false perceptions. The results showed that increasing the levels of excitability in this region led to a higher rate of ‘false alarm’ responses than when levels of excitability were decreased, with false alarm responses under a sham stimulation condition lying at a mid-point between anodal and cathodal stimulation conditions. There were also corresponding changes in signal detection parameters. These results are discussed in terms of prominent cognitive neuroscientific theories of AVHs, and potential future directions for research are outlined.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Auditory verbal hallucinations, Signal detection, Superior temporal gyrus, tDCS
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2020 15:23
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2020 15:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41809

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