Inclusive Anti-poaching? Exploring the Potential and Challenges of Community-based Anti-Poaching

Massé, Francis, Gardiner, Alan, Lubilo, Rodgers and Themba, Martha (2017) Inclusive Anti-poaching? Exploring the Potential and Challenges of Community-based Anti-Poaching. South African Crime Quarterly (60). ISSN 1991-3877

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.17159/2413-3108/2017/v0n60a1732

Abstract

In acknowledgement that the largely (para)militarized approach to anti-poaching has its limitations, alternative approaches to conservation law enforcement are being sought. One alternative focuses on including people from local communities in anti-poaching, what we call inclusive anti-poaching. Using a case study of a community scout programme from southern Mozambique, located adjacent South Africa’s Kruger National Park, we examine the potential of a community scout initiative to move towards a more inclusive and sustainable approach to anti-poaching and conservation. While highlighting its challenges and potential drawbacks, we argue that including local people into conservation law enforcement efforts can help address poaching and problematic aspects of current anti-poaching measures. However, to be a genuine and sustainable alternative, community ranger programmes must be part of a broader shift towards developing local wildlife economies that benefits local communities as opposed to supporting pre-existing anti-poaching interventions.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C100 Biology
C300 Zoology
F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
L700 Human and Social Geography
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2020 15:25
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2020 15:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41852

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