Demonstrating reliability through transparency: A scientific validity framework to assist scientists and lawyers in criminal proceedings

Carr, Sophie, Piasecki, Emma and Gallop, A. (2020) Demonstrating reliability through transparency: A scientific validity framework to assist scientists and lawyers in criminal proceedings. Forensic Science International, 308. p. 110110. ISSN 0379-0738

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.110110

Abstract

In recent decades, forensic science evidence has come to play an increasingly significant role in criminal proceedings. However, the ability of non-scientists (lay-persons, including lawyers and judges) within criminal justice systems to recognise and resolve issues of validity and reliability relating to expert opinion evidence has not maintained pace with the need to do so. Despite international scrutiny from scientists, statisticians, governments and those involved in law reform, the parameters of a) different forensic disciplines and b) some case specific interpretations, remain elusive to some legal practitioners and judges. It is therefore essential that within the context of national, and increasingly international and transnational criminal investigations, forensic science experts convey the evidential value of the scientific findings in a manner that is understandable to, and useable by all.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Expert opinion evidence, Scientific validity, Critical trust, Reliability
Department: Faculties > Business and Law > Northumbria Law School
Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Ellen Cole
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2020 16:18
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2020 11:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/42064

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