Climate variations of Central Asia on orbital to millennial timescales

Cheng, Hai, Spötl, Christoph, Breitenbach, Sebastian, Sinha, Ashish, Wassenburg, Jasper A., Jochum, Klaus Peter, Scholz, Denis, Li, Xianglei, Yi, Liang, Peng, Youbing, Lv, Yanbin, Zhang, Pingzhong, Votintseva, Antonina, Loginov, Vadim, Ning, Youfeng, Kathayat, Gayatri and Edwards, R. Lawrence (2016) Climate variations of Central Asia on orbital to millennial timescales. Scientific Reports, 6 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

The extent to which climate variability in Central Asia is causally linked to large-scale changes in the Asian monsoon on varying timescales remains a longstanding question. Here we present precisely dated high-resolution speleothem oxygen-carbon isotope and trace element records of Central Asia’s hydroclimate variability from Tonnel’naya cave, Uzbekistan and Kesang cave, western China. On orbital timescales, the supra-regional climate variance, inferred from our oxygen isotope records, exhibits a precessional rhythm, punctuated by millennial-scale abrupt climate events, suggesting a close coupling with the Asian monsoon. However, the local hydroclimatic variability at both cave sites, inferred from carbon isotope and trace element records, shows climate variations that are distinctly different from their supra-regional modes. Particularly, hydroclimatic changes in both Tonnel’naya and Kesang areas during the Holocene lag behind the supra-regional climate variability by several thousand years. These observations may reconcile the apparent out-of-phase hydroclimatic variability, inferred from the Holocene lake proxy records, between Westerly Central Asia and Monsoon Asia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environmental sciences, Palaeoclimate
Subjects: F600 Geology
F700 Ocean Sciences
F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
F900 Others in Physical Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2020 10:31
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2020 10:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/42148

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