Effects of Isometric Handgrip Training in Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Correia, Marilia A., Oliveira, Paulo L., Farah, Breno Q., Vianna, Lauro C., Wolosker, Nelson, Puech‐Leao, Pedro, Green, Daniel J., Cucato, Gabriel and Ritti‐Dias, Raphael M. (2020) Effects of Isometric Handgrip Training in Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of the American Heart Association, 9 (4). e013596. ISSN 2047-9980

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.119.013596

Abstract

BackgroundMeta‐analyses have shown that isometric handgrip training (IHT) can reduce brachial systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) by >6/4 mm Hg, respectively. However, whether IHT promotes these effects among patients with peripheral artery disease, who exhibit severe impairment in cardiovascular function, is currently unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of IHT on the cardiovascular function of patients with peripheral artery disease.
Methods and ResultsA randomized controlled trial with peripheral artery disease patients assigned to either the IHT or control group was conducted. The IHT group performed 3 sessions per week, for 8 weeks, of unilateral handgrip exercises, consisting of 4 sets of isometric contractions for 2 minutes at 30% of maximum voluntary contraction and a 4‐minute interval between sets. The control group received a compression ball in order to minimize the placebo effects, representing sham training. The primary outcome was brachial BP. The secondary outcomes were central BP, arterial stiffness parameters, cardiac autonomic modulation, and vascular function. The IHT program reduced diastolic BP (75 [10] mm Hg preintervention versus 72 [11] mm Hg postintervention), with no change in the control group (74 [11] mm Hg preintervention versus 74 [11] mm Hg postintervention), with this between‐group difference being significant (P=0.04). Flow‐mediated dilation improved in the IHT group (6.0% [5.7] preintervention versus 9.7% [5.5] postintervention), with no change in the control group (7.6% [5.5] preintervention versus 7.4% [5.1] postintervention), with this between‐group difference being significant (P=0.04). There was no change in other measured variables over the intervention period.
ConclusionsIHT reduced brachial diastolic BP and improved local vascular function in patients with peripheral artery disease.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: blood pressure, cardiovascular system, intermittent claudication, peripheral vascular disease
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2020 10:38
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2020 10:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/42230

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