Systematic review of the technical and physiological constraints of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle that affect the capability of astronauts to exercise effectively during spaceflight

Laws, Jonathan, Caplan, Nick, Bruce-Martin, Claire, McGrogan, Claire, Lindsay, Kirsty, Wild, B., Debuse, Dorothee, Wotring, V. and Winnard, Andrew (2020) Systematic review of the technical and physiological constraints of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle that affect the capability of astronauts to exercise effectively during spaceflight. Acta Astronautica, 170. pp. 665-677. ISSN 0094-5765

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2020.02.038

Abstract

Background
The constraints of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle present challenges to the use of current exercise countermeasures necessary to prevent severe deconditioning of physiological systems during microgravity exposure beyond Low Earth Orbit. The purpose of this qualitative systematic review was to determine the technical constraints of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle which may hinder astronauts’ capabilities to effectively exercise during long distance spaceflight.

Methods
Databases were searched from the start of their records to December 2018. Included documents were quality assessed with the AMSRG quality scoring tool and Thematic Analysis was used to analyse the included documents to assess technical constraints of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle.

Results
19 studies were included in the final review. All identified constraints, other than data transmission limitations, were found to ultimately be a result of the volume and upload mass constraints of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle. There was a lack of detailed studies and lack of consistency in specifying spacecraft in the literature that limit the conclusions of this review.

Conclusion
Space agencies are advised to ensure that information on relevant spacecraft constraints is readily available to researchers. This information should be made accessible in an official published document as opposed to disparate and grey literature, and include quantitative information rather than qualitative summaries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Orion multi-purpose crew vehicle, Exercice contraints, Spaceflight, Astronaut
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
F900 Others in Physical Sciences
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2020 10:27
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2020 16:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/42298

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