Relationship between Fatigue, Perfectionism, and Functional Dysphonia

O'Hara, James, Miller, Tracey, Carding, Paul, Wilson, Janet and Deary, Vincent (2011) Relationship between Fatigue, Perfectionism, and Functional Dysphonia. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 144 (6). pp. 921-926. ISSN 0194-5998

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)
Official URL:


Objectives - Increased levels of fatigue and perfectionism were noted during evaluation of cognitive behavioral therapy for the treatment of functional dysphonia. The investigators thus aimed to explore levels of general fatigue and perfectionism in patients with functional dysphonia and controls.

Study design - Case-control study.

Setting - Teaching hospital, United Kingdom.

Subjects and methods - Patients recruited through speech therapy were asked to recruit a friend as a control, of the same sex and within 5 years of their age. An 11-point fatigue questionnaire, previously validated on a normal population, was analyzed using both Likert (0123) and bimodal (0011) systems, with a score greater than 4 on the bimodal system implying substantial fatigue. A 35-point perfectionism questionnaire was also completed and analyzed for "healthy" and "unhealthy" perfectionist traits.

Results - There were 75 cases and 62 controls. The mean fatigue score in patients with functional dysphonia was 17.0 and 14.4 for the controls (Likert, P = .009). Under the bimodal scoring system, the mean fatigue scores in functional dysphonia (5.10) and controls (3.01) were also significantly different (P = .003). The mean perfectionism scores were 98.9 for patients with functional dysphonia and 91.2 for controls (P = 0.043).

Conclusions - To the investigators' knowledge, this is the first substantial report that fatigue and perfectionism scores are significantly elevated in functional dysphonia. Functional dysphonia is shown to be analogous to other medically unexplained physical symptoms that are also marked by generic somatopsychic distress and for which multiple factors are implicated in their onset and maintenance. This has implications for both research and treatment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: functional dysphonia, fatigue perfectionism, medically unexplained symptoms
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2011 10:48
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2019 16:29

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics