Respiratory and locomotor muscle blood flow during exercise in health and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Vogiatzis, Ioannis, Louvaris, Zafeiris and Wagner, Peter (2020) Respiratory and locomotor muscle blood flow during exercise in health and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Experimental Physiology. ISSN 0958-0670 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1113/EP088104

Abstract

We have developed an indicator‐dilution method to measure muscle blood flow at rest and during exercise using the light absorbing tracer indocyanine green dye (ICG) injected as an intravenous bolus, with surface optodes placed over muscles of interest to record the ICG signal by near‐infrared spectroscopy. Here we review findings for both quadriceps and intercostal muscle blood flow (measured simultaneously) in trained cyclists and in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). During resting hyperpnoea in both athletes and patients, intercostal muscle blood flow increased with ventilation, correlating closely and linearly with the work of breathing, with no change in quadriceps flow. During graded exercise in athletes, intercostal flow at first increased, but then began to fall approaching peak effort. Unexpectedly, in COPD, intercostal muscle blood flow during exercise fell progressively from resting values, contrasting sharply with the response to resting hyperpnoea. During exercise at peak intensity, we found no quadriceps blood flow reduction in favour of the respiratory muscles in either athletes or patients. In COPD at peak exercise, when patients breathed 21% oxygen in helium or 100% oxygen, there was no redistribution of blood flow observed between legs and respiratory muscles in either direction. Evidence of decrease in leg blood flow and increase in respiratory muscle flow was found only when imposing expiratory flow limitation (EFL) during exercise in healthy individuals. However, because EFL caused substantial physiological derangement, lowering arterial oxygen saturation and raising end‐tidal urn:x-wiley:09580670:media:eph12704:eph12704-math-0001 and heart rate, these results cannot be projected onto normal exercise.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: athletes, COPD, muscle blood flow, NIRS
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2020 08:23
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2020 13:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/42613

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