Conflict Resolution Ability in Late Bilinguals Improves With Increased Second-Language Proficiency: ANT Evidence

Novitskiy, Nikolay, Shtyrov, Yury and Myachykov, Andriy (2019) Conflict Resolution Ability in Late Bilinguals Improves With Increased Second-Language Proficiency: ANT Evidence. Frontiers in Psychology, 10. p. 2825. ISSN 1664-1078

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02825

Abstract

Experimental data supporting the claim that bilingual speakers have superior cognitive control abilities are often questioned with respect to certain methodological limitations. One such limitation is the use of between-group design, potentially confounding bilingual status with other factors (e.g., socioeconomic status). Here, we used a homogeneous sample of 57 young adult Russian–English late unbalanced bilinguals who were administrated Attention Network Task (ANT) together with an L2 proficiency task. We tested the correlation of L2 vocabulary performance with conflict and alertness measures and overall reaction times in ANT performance. Overall, participants demonstrated better conflict resolution with the increase in their second language competence, with 8% of variance in conflict resolution explained by L2 proficiency. Our results support the notion of regular correspondence between bilingualism and cognitive control.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bilingualism, second-language learning, cognitive control, bilingual advantage, Russian language
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Q100 Linguistics
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2020 15:35
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2020 15:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/42738

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