Particle acceleration and transport during 3D CME eruptions

Xia, Qian, Dahlin, Joel T., Zharkova, Valentina and Antiochos, Spiro K. (2020) Particle acceleration and transport during 3D CME eruptions. The Astrophysical Journal, 894 (2). p. 89. ISSN 0004-637X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab846d

Abstract

We calculate particle acceleration during coronal mass ejection (CME) eruptions using combined magnetohydrodynamic and test-particle models. The 2.5D/3D CMEs are generated via the breakout mechanism. In this scenario a reconnection at the "breakout" current sheet (CS) above the flux rope initiates the CME eruption by destabilizing a quasi-static force balance. Reconnection at the flare CS below the erupting flux rope drives the fast acceleration of the CME, which forms flare loops below and produces the energetic particles observed in flares. For test-particle simulations, two times are selected during the impulsive and decay phases of the eruption. Particles are revealed to be accelerated more efficiently in the flare CS rather than in the breakout CS even in the presence of large magnetic islands. Particles are first accelerated in the CSs (with or without magnetic islands) by the reconnection electric field mainly through particle curvature drift. We find, as expected, that accelerated particles precipitate into the chromosphere, become trapped in the loop top by magnetic mirrors, or escape to interplanetary space along open field lines. Some trapped particles are reaccelerated, either via reinjection to the flare CS or through a local Betatron-type acceleration associated with compression of the magnetic field. The energetic particles produce relatively hard energy spectra during the impulsive phase. During the gradual phase, the relaxation of magnetic field shear reduces the guiding field in the flare CS, which leads to a decrease in particle energization efficiency. Important implications of our results for observations of particle acceleration in the solar coronal jets are also discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Solar flares; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar coronal mass ejections
Subjects: F300 Physics
F500 Astronomy
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2020 11:46
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2020 13:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/42833

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