Anti-resonance, inhibited coupling and mode transition in depressed core fibers

Lian, Xiaokang, Farrell, Gerald, Wu, Qiang, Han, Wei, Shen, Yu, Ma, Youqiao and Semenova, Yuliya (2020) Anti-resonance, inhibited coupling and mode transition in depressed core fibers. Optics Express, 28 (11). pp. 16526-16541. ISSN 1094-4087

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1364/oe.390371

Abstract

The depressed core fiber (DCF), consisting of a low-index solid core, a high-index cladding and air surrounding, is in effect a bridge between the conventional step-index fiber and the tube-type hollow-core fiber from the point of view of the index profile. In this paper the dispersion diagram of a DCF is obtained by solving the full-vector eigenvalue equations and analyzed using the theory of anti-resonant and the inhibited coupling mechanisms. While light propagation in tube-type hollow-core fibers is commonly described by the symmetric planar waveguide model, here we propose an asymmetric planar waveguide for the DCFs in an anti-resonant reflecting optical waveguide (ARROW) model. It is found that the anti-resonant core modes in the DCFs have real effective indices, compared to the anti-resonant core modes with complex effective indices in the tube-type hollow-core fibers. The anti-resonant core modes in the DCFs exhibit similar qualitative and quantitative behavior as the core modes in the conventional step-index fibers. The full-vector analytical results for the simple-structure DCFs can contribute to a better understanding of the anti-resonant and inhibited coupling guidance mechanisms in other complex inversed index fibers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement
Subjects: F200 Materials Science
F300 Physics
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2020 09:04
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2020 15:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/42952

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