Scalable mode division multiplexed transmission over a 10-km ring-core fiber using high-order orbital angular momentum modes

Zhu, Guoxuan, Hu, Ziyang, Wu, Xiong, Du, Cheng, Luo, Wenyong, Chen, Yujie, Cai, Xinlun, Liu, Jie, Zhu, Jiangbo and Yu, Siyuan (2018) Scalable mode division multiplexed transmission over a 10-km ring-core fiber using high-order orbital angular momentum modes. Optics Express, 26 (2). pp. 594-604. ISSN 1094-4087

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.26.000594

Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a scalable mode division multiplexing scheme based on orbital angular momentum modes in ring core fibers. In this scheme, the high-order mode groups of a ring core fiber are sufficiently de-coupled by the large differential effective refractive index so that multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) equalization is only used for crosstalk equalization within each mode group. We design and fabricate a graded-index ring core fiber that supports 5 mode groups with low inter-mode-group coupling, small intra-mode-group differential group delay, and small group velocity dispersion slope over the C-band for the high-order mode groups. We implement a two-dimensional wavelength- and mode-division multiplexed transmission experiment involving 10 wavelengths and 2 mode groups each with 4 OAM modes, transmitting 32 GBaud Nyquist QPSK signals over all 80 channels. An aggregate capacity of 5.12 Tb/s and an overall spectral efficiency of 9 bit/s/Hz over 10 km are realized, only using modular 4x4 MIMO processing with 15 taps to recover signals from the intra-mode-group mode coupling. Given the fixed number of modes in each mode group and the low inter-mode-group coupling in ring core fibres, our scheme strikes a balance in the trade-off between system capacity and digital signal processing complexity, and therefore has good potential for capacity upscaling at an expense of only modularly increasing the number of mode-groups with fixed-size (4x4) MIMO blocks.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F300 Physics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2020 10:06
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2020 10:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/43278

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