Gait Performance in People with Symptomatic, Chronic Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Martini, Douglas N., Parrington, Lucy, Stuart, Sam, Fino, Peter C. and King, Laurie A. (2020) Gait Performance in People with Symptomatic, Chronic Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of Neurotrauma. ISSN 0897-7151 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2020.6986

Abstract

There is a dearth of knowledge about how symptom severity affects gait in the chronic (>3 months) mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) population despite up to 53% of people reporting persisting symptoms following mTBI. The purpose of this investigation was to determine if gait is affected in a symptomatic, chronic mTBI group and to assess the relationship between gait performance and symptom severity on the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI). Gait was assessed under single- and dual-task conditions using five inertial sensors in 57 control subjects and 65 people with chronic mTBI (1.1 year from mTBI). The single- and dual-task gait domains of Pace, Rhythm, Variability, and Turning were calculated from individual gait characteristics. Dual-task cost (DTC) was calculated for each domain. The mTBI group walked (domain z-score mean difference: single-task = 0.70; dual-task = 0.71) and turned (z-score mean difference: single-task = 0.69; dual-task = 0.70) slower (p<0.001) under both gait conditions, with less rhythm under dual-task gait (z-score difference = 0.21, p=0.001). DTC was not different between groups. Higher NSI somatic sub-score was related to higher single- and dual-task gait variability as well as slower dual-task pace and turning (p<0.01). People with chronic mTBI and persistent symptoms exhibited altered gait, particularly under dual-task, and worse gait performance related to greater symptom severity. Future gait research in chronic mTBI should assess the possible underlying physiological mechanisms for persistent symptoms and gait deficits.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: gait, concussion, mild traumatic brain injury, cognition, gait analysis, wearables, inertial sensors, turning
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2020 15:04
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2020 14:24
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/43319

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