Cycling-specific isometric resistance training improves peak power output in elite sprint cyclists: Isometric training improves PPO in elite cyclists

Kordi, Mehdi, Folland, Jonathan, Goodall, Stuart, Menzies, Campbell, Patel, Tejal Sarika, Evans, Martin, Thomas, Kevin and Howatson, Glyn (2020) Cycling-specific isometric resistance training improves peak power output in elite sprint cyclists: Isometric training improves PPO in elite cyclists. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 30 (9). pp. 1594-1604. ISSN 0905-7188

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13742

Abstract

Introduction. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a six-week cycling-specific, isometric resistance training programme on peak power output (PPO) in elite cyclists. Methods. Twenty-four elite track sprint cyclists were allocated to EXP (n=13, PPO, 1537 ±307 W) and CON (n=11, PPO, 1541 ± 389 W) groups. All participants completed a six-week training programme; training content was identical except participants in the EXP group replaced their usual compound lower body resistance training exercise with a cycling-specific, isometric resistance training stimulus. Cycling PPO, knee extensor and cycling-specific isometric strength, and measures of muscle architecture were assessed pre- and post-training. Results. In EXP, absolute and relative PPO increased (46 ± 62 W and 0.8 ± 0.7 W×kg-1, p < 0.05), and the change in relative PPO was different to CON (-0.1 ± 1.0 W×kg-1, group-time interaction p = 0.02). The increase in PPO was concurrent with an increase in extrapolated maximal torque in EXP (7.1 ± 6.5 N×m, p = 0.007), but the effect was not different from the change in CON (2.4 ± 9.7 N×m, group ´ time p = 0.14). Cycling-specific isometric strength also increased more in EXP (group-time p = 0.002). There were no other between-group differences in response to training. Conclusion. A six-week novel, cycling-specific isometric resistance training period improved PPO in a group of elite sprint cyclists by 3-4. These data support the use of a cycling-specific isometric resistance training stimulus in the preparation programmes of world-class cyclists.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Muscle; strength, track cycling, isovelocity, knee extensors
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2020 08:41
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2020 16:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/43338

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