Who is the bigger culprit? Studying impacts of traffic and land use on noise levels in CBD area of Karachi, Pakistan

Mehdi, Mohammed Raza, Arsalan, Mudassar Hassan, Gazder, Uneb, Kim, Minho, Seong, Jeong Chang, Namdeo, Anil and Chang, Seo Il (2018) Who is the bigger culprit? Studying impacts of traffic and land use on noise levels in CBD area of Karachi, Pakistan. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 20 (3). pp. 1421-1438. ISSN 1387-585X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-017-9941-9

Abstract

The trend of urbanization has attracted increased attention towards urban areas around the world. Central business districts (CBDs) serve as the core of commercial activities of urban areas and are often associated with high-density population. Noise pollution in urban areas, especially CBDs, is considered as an important issue for planners and policy makers especially with regard to human health. Noise prediction models for CBD area of Karachi, Pakistan, have been developed in this study using land use and traffic parameters. These models show that traffic and built-up space (especially residential land use) contribute positively and vacant space contributes negatively to the noise levels. However, it was found that traffic volume has higher impact, than land use, in terms of on noise levels in CBD area. The models of this research are anticipated to be used for planning of urban CBD areas in other cities where noise levels do not meet international health standards. In addition, they would be useful in calculating the rate of traffic volume associated with residential land use.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CBD area, Karachi, Land use, Noise prediction, Traffic
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2020 13:10
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2020 13:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/43528

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