Improving the prediction of air pollution peak episodes generated by urban transport networks

Catalano, Mario, Galatioto, Fabio, Bell, Margaret, Namdeo, Anil and Bergantino, Angela S. (2016) Improving the prediction of air pollution peak episodes generated by urban transport networks. Environmental Science & Policy, 60. pp. 69-83. ISSN 1462-9011

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2016.03.008

Abstract

This paper illustrates the early results of ongoing research developing novel methods to analyse and simulate the relationship between trasport-related air pollutant concentrations and easily accessible explanatory variables. The final scope is to integrate the new models in traditional traffic management support systems for a sustainable mobility of road vehicles in urban areas.This first stage concerns the relationship between the hourly mean concentration of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and explanatory factors reflecting the NO2 mean level one hour back, along with traffic and weather conditions. Particular attention is given to the prediction of pollution peaks, defined as exceedances of normative concentration limits. Two model frameworks are explored: the Artificial Neural Network approach and the ARIMAX model. Furthermore, the benefit of a synergic use of both models for air quality forecasting is investigated.The analysis of findings points out that the prediction of extreme concentrations is best performed by integrating the two models into an ensemble. The neural network is outperformed by the ARIMAX model in foreseeing peaks, but gives a more realistic representation of the concentration's dependency upon wind characteristics. So, the Neural Network can be exploited to highlight the involved functional forms and improve the ARIMAX model specification. In the end, the study shows that the ability to forecast exceedances of legal pollution limits can be enhanced by requiring traffic management actions when the predicted concentration exceeds a lower threshold than the normative one.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Air quality forecasting, ARIMAX model, Artificial neural network, Ensemble techniques, Exceedances of pollutant concentration limits, Nitrogen dioxide
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
F900 Others in Physical Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2020 15:29
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2020 15:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/43540

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