Cognitive and oculomotor performance in subjects with low and high schizotypy: implications for translational drug development studies

Koychev, I., Joyce, D., Barkus, Emma, Ettinger, U., Schmechtig, A., Dourish, C. T., Dawson, G. R., Craig, K. J. and Deakin, J. F. W. (2016) Cognitive and oculomotor performance in subjects with low and high schizotypy: implications for translational drug development studies. Translational Psychiatry, 6 (5). e811. ISSN 2158-3188

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/tp.2016.64

Abstract

The development of drugs to improve cognition in patients with schizophrenia is a major unmet clinical need. A number of promising compounds failed in recent clinical trials, a pattern linked to poor translation between preclinical and clinical stages of drug development. Seeking proof of efficacy in early Phase 1 studies in surrogate patient populations (for example, high schizotypy individuals where subtle cognitive impairment is present) has been suggested as a strategy to reduce attrition in the later stages of drug development. However, there is little agreement regarding the pattern of distribution of schizotypal features in the general population, creating uncertainty regarding the optimal control group that should be included in prospective trials. We aimed to address this question by comparing the performance of groups derived from the general population with low, average and high schizotypy scores over a range of cognitive and oculomotor tasks. We found that tasks dependent on frontal inhibitory mechanisms (N-Back working memory and anti-saccade oculomotor tasks), as well as a smooth-pursuit oculomotor task were sensitive to differences in the schizotypy phenotype. In these tasks the cognitive performance of ‘low schizotypes’ was significantly different from ‘high schizotypes’ with ‘average schizotypes’ having an intermediate performance. These results indicate that for evaluating putative cognition enhancers for treating schizophrenia in early-drug development studies the maximum schizotypy effect would be achieved using a design that compares low and high schizotypes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2020 16:05
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2020 16:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/43812

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