Multi-scale observations of thermal non-equilibrium cycles in coronal loops

Froment, C., Antolin, Patrick, Henriques, V. M. J., Kohutova, P. and Rouppe van der Voort, L. H. M. (2020) Multi-scale observations of thermal non-equilibrium cycles in coronal loops. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 633. A11. ISSN 0004-6361

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201936717

Abstract

Context. Thermal non-equilibrium (TNE) is a phenomenon that can occur in solar coronal loops when the heating is quasi-constant and highly-stratified. Under such heating conditions, coronal loops undergo cycles of evaporation and condensation. The recent observations of ubiquitous long-period intensity pulsations in coronal loops and their relationship with coronal rain have demonstrated that understanding the characteristics of TNE cycles is an essential step in constraining the circulation of mass and energy in the corona.

Aims. We report unique observations with the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) and the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope (SST) that link the captured thermal properties across the extreme spatiotemporal scales covered by TNE processes.

Methods. Within the same coronal loop bundle, we captured 6 h period coronal intensity pulsations in SDO/AIA and coronal rain observed off-limb in the chromospheric Hα and Ca II K spectral lines with SST/CRISP and SST/CHROMIS. We combined a multi-thermal analysis of the cycles with AIA and an extensive spectral characterisation of the rain clumps with the SST.

Results. We find clear evidence of evaporation-condensation cycles in the corona which are linked with periodic coronal rain showers. The high-resolution spectroscopic instruments at the SST reveal the fine-structured rain strands and allow us to probe the cooling phase of one of the cycles down to chromospheric temperatures.

Conclusions. These observations reinforce the link between long-period intensity pulsations and coronal rain. They also demonstrate the capability of TNE to shape the dynamics of active regions on the large scales as well as on the smallest scales currently resolvable.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sun: atmosphere, Sun: chromosphere, Sun: corona, Sun: UV radiation
Subjects: F300 Physics
F500 Astronomy
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2020 12:32
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2020 12:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/43849

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