Rapid and even spreading of complex fluids over a large area in porous substrates

Agrawal, Prashant, Kumar, Hemant and Kumar, Prasoon (2020) Rapid and even spreading of complex fluids over a large area in porous substrates. Applied Physics Letters, 117 (7). 073703. ISSN 0003-6951

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0019939

Abstract

Rapid and even spreading of complex fluids over a large area on substrates like paper is required for chemical and biological sensing applications. Non-Newtonian flow behavior and the presence of multi-phase components pose a significant challenge to uniform flow in porous media. Specifically in the case of blood, for biosensing applications, fast spread on a large area is required to avoid coagulation and non-uniform component spread. In this work, we have developed a filter paper-based device to resolve this spreading challenge. We sandwich the filter paper between a matrix of nanofibrous membrane backed by polyethylene terephthalate (PET) sheets, forming a multi-scale porous network: one within the filter paper and the other between the PET sheet and the filter paper. By doing so, we decrease the overall resistance to flow while maintaining the same capillary suction pressure to obtain a quick, uniform spread of dyed liquids, milk solutions, and whole blood. The device design and concepts used here can be used in paper microfluidic applications and to develop devices for dried blood spot analysis, which utilize this fast flow while maintaining even spreading over a large area.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F200 Materials Science
F300 Physics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2020 12:20
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2020 12:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/43875

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