Programmable stiffness and shape modulation in origami materials: Emergence of a distant actuation feature

Mukhopadhyay, Tanmoy, Ma, Jiayao, Feng, Huijuan, Hou, Degao, Gattas, Joseph M., Chen, Yan and You, Zhong (2020) Programmable stiffness and shape modulation in origami materials: Emergence of a distant actuation feature. Applied Materials Today, 19. p. 100537. ISSN 2352-9407

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmt.2019.100537

Abstract

This paper develops an origami based mechanical metamaterial with programmable deformation-dependent stiffness and shape modulation, leading to the realization of a distant actuation feature. Through computational and experimental analyses, we have uncovered that a waterbomb based tubular metamaterial can undergo mixed mode of deformations involving both rigid origami motion and structural deformation. Besides the capability of achieving a near-zero stiffness, a contact phase is identified that initiates a substantial increase in the stiffness with programmable features during deformation of the metamaterial. Initiation of the contact phase as a function of the applied global load can be designed based on the microstructural geometry of the waterbomb bases and their assembly. The tubular metamaterial can exhibit a unique deformation dependent spatially varying mixed mode Poisson’s ratio, which is achievable from a uniform initial configuration of the metamaterial. The spatial profile of the metamaterial can be modulated as a function of the applied far-field global force, and the configuration and assembly of the waterbomb bases. This creates a new possibility of developing a distant actuation feature in the metamaterial enabling us to achieve controlled local actuation through the application of a single far-field force. The distant actuation feature eliminates the need of installing embedded complex network of sensors, actuators and controllers in the material. The fundamental programmable features of the origami metamaterial unravelled in this paper can find wide range of applications in soft robotics, aerospace, biomedical devices and various other advanced physical systems.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Programmable mechanical metamaterial, Extreme stiffness modulation, Microstructure-dependent shape modulation, Distant actuation, Waterbomb origami
Subjects: F200 Materials Science
H200 Civil Engineering
H300 Mechanical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2020 11:21
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2020 11:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/43930

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