Happiness and its Relationship with Job Burnout in Nurses of Educational Hospitals in Tabriz, Iran

Sharif, Tahere Javadi, Hosseinzadeh, Mina, Mahdavi, Nader, Namdar Areshtanab, Hossein and Dickens, Geoffrey (2020) Happiness and its Relationship with Job Burnout in Nurses of Educational Hospitals in Tabriz, Iran. International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery, 8 (4). pp. 295-304. ISSN 2322-2476

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Abstract

Background: Happiness is a positive feeling that is vital and significant to maintain health. Nurses are working in difficult conditions which may heavily affect their level of happiness and ability to provide care. Job burnout is a mental reaction against some persistent source of workplace stress. The purpose of this study was to identify happiness and its relationship with job burnout in nurses working at Tabriz’s educational hospitals. Methods: This descriptive-correlational study was conducted on 344 nurses working at Tabriz’s hospitals in 2018. The subjects were selected by means of proportionate stratified random sampling. Data were collected using three questionnaires (demographic information, job burnout with 22 items and three subscales and Oxford happiness with 29 items) and analyzed in SPSS version16 using descriptive statistics. Statistical tests such as Pearson correlation coefficient, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, and multiple linear regression analysis were used to analyze the data. Results: The age range of the participants was 23–57 years with a mean of 35.9±7.5. The mean score of happiness was 64.2±11.5, (score range 35 to 116), which suggests an average level of happiness among the nurses. There was a negative correlation between happiness and total job burnout (r=-0.29, P<0.001). This negative correlation remained significant (B=-0.15, P<0.001) even when nurses’ perception of own health status (B=-5.24, P=0.01), history of illness (B=-4.47, P=0.04), job position (B=-6.61, P=0.001), and type of employment (B=3.56, P=0.03) as potential confounding factors were adjusted. Conclusion: Considering the reverse relationship between job burnout and happiness, it is suggested that managers try to improve the workplace by managing condition which could lead to job burnout, and therefore use the results to increase the happiness of nurses.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Happiness, Iran, Job burnout, Nurses
Subjects: A300 Clinical Medicine
A900 Others in Medicine and Dentistry
B700 Nursing
B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2020 12:44
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2020 12:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/44483

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