Enhancing the visibility of Vernier effect in a tri-microfiber coupler fiber loop interferometer for ultrasensitive refractive index and temperature sensing

Wei, Fangfang, Liu, Dejun, Wang, Zhe, Wang, Zhuocheng, Farrell, Gerald Farrell, Wu, Qiang, Peng, Gand-Ding and Semenova, Yuliya (2020) Enhancing the visibility of Vernier effect in a tri-microfiber coupler fiber loop interferometer for ultrasensitive refractive index and temperature sensing. Journal of Lightwave Technology. ISSN 0733-8724 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/jlt.2020.3035655

Abstract

In this paper a Vernier effect based sensor is analyzed and demonstrated experimentally in a tri-microfiber coupler (Tri-MFC) and polarization-maintaining fiber (PMF) loop interferometer (Tri-MFC-PMF) to provide ultrasensitive refractive index and temperature sensing. The main novelty of this work is an analysis of parameters of the proposed Tri-MFC-PMF with the objective of determining the conditions leading to a “strong” Vernier effect. It has been identified by simulation that the Vernier effect is a primary factor in the design of Tri-MFC-PMF loop sensing structure for sensitivity enhancement. It is furthermore demonstrated experimentally that enhancing the visibility of the Vernier spectrum in the Tri-MFC-PMF allows to achieve an ultrahigh refractive index and temperature sensitivity with improved measurement accuracy. Specifically it is shown that small values of the total phase difference (흅/ퟏퟔ+푵흅)~(흅/ퟒ+푵흅), where N is an integer, accumulated over the PMF loop and Tri-MFC loop result in a “strong” Vernier effect. Experimentally an ultrahigh refractive index sensitivity of -20588 nm/RIU and temperature sensitivity of 0.019 nm/°C are demonstrated by utilizing the stronger Vernier effect with “clear” Vernier spectrum. This analysis of the parameters may be useful to future researchers seeking to increase the measurement accuracy of sensors by enhancing the spectral visibility of the Vernier effect in other types of fiber optic interferometers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: tri-microfiber coupler, fiber loop interferometer, refractive index, temperature, Vernier effect
Subjects: F300 Physics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2020 11:56
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2020 16:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/44648

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