A hypoenergetic diet with decreased protein intake does not reduce lean body mass in trained females

Pearson, Alice G., Alexander, Lee, Witard, Oliver C., Coughlin, Thomas E., Tipton, Kevin D. and Walshe, Ian (2021) A hypoenergetic diet with decreased protein intake does not reduce lean body mass in trained females. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 121 (3). pp. 771-781. ISSN 1439-6319

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-020-04555-7

Abstract

Purpose Increasing protein intake during energy restriction (ER) attenuates lean body mass (LBM) loss in trained males.
However, whether this relationship exists in trained females is unknown. This study examined the impact of higher compared to lower protein intakes (35% versus 15% of energy intake) on body composition in trained females during 2 weeks
of severe ER.
Methods Eighteen well-trained females completed a 1-week energy balanced diet (HD100), followed by a 2-week hypoenergetic (40% ER) diet (HD60). During HD60, participants consumed either a high protein (HP; 35% protein, 15% fat) or
lower protein (CON; 15% protein, 35% fat) diet. Body composition, peak power, leg strength, sprint time, and anaerobic
endurance were assessed at baseline, pre-HD60, and post-HD60.
Results Absolute protein intake was reduced during HD60 in the CON group (from 1.6 to 0.9 g·d·kgBM−1) and maintained in
the HP group (~1.7 g·d·kgBM−1). CON and HP groups decreased body mass equally during HD60 (− 1.0±1.1 kg; p=0.026
and − 1.1±0.7 kg; p=0.002, respectively) and maintained LBM. There were no interactions between time point and dietary
condition on exercise performance.
Conclusion The preservation of LBM during HD60, irrespective of whether absolute protein intake is maintained or reduced,
contrasts with fndings in trained males. In trained females, the relationship between absolute protein intake and LBM change
during ER warrants further investigation. Future recommendations for protein intake during ER should be expressed relative
to body mass, not total energy intake, in trained females.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Energy restriction, Weight loss, Body composition, Diet composition
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2020 15:37
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 14:41
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/44715

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