Discrimination, HIV conspiracy theories and pre-exposure prophylaxis acceptability in gay men

Jolley, Daniel and Jaspal, Rusi (2020) Discrimination, HIV conspiracy theories and pre-exposure prophylaxis acceptability in gay men. Sexual Health, 17 (6). pp. 525-533. ISSN 1448-5028

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1071/SH20154

Abstract

Background: Combination prevention, which includes pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), is essential for achieving the zero HIV infections target in the UK by 2030. It is important to assess attitudes towards PrEP in at-risk populations. This study focuses on the effect of discrimination and HIV conspiracy theorising on attitudes towards PrEP in gay men in the UK. Methods: In total, 244 White British gay men completed a survey that included demographic questions and measures of sexual health screening, hypervigilance, sexual orientation discrimination, quality of contact with healthcare professionals, belief in conspiracy theories and attitudes towards PrEP. Data were analysed using multiple linear regression and mediation analysis. Results: Discrimination was positively correlated with HIV conspiracy beliefs and negatively correlated with PrEP acceptance. Mediation analyses demonstrated that the relationship between discrimination and attitudes towards PrEP was explained by HIV conspiracy theorising. Gay men who had attended a sexual health screening (vs never attended) reported higher belief in HIV conspiracy theories. A further mediation analysis showed that reported poor contact with a healthcare professional was associated with an increased belief in HIV conspiracy theories, which was associated with negative attitudes towards PrEP. Both perceived discrimination and poor contact with a healthcare professional were exacerbated by hypervigilance. Conclusions: HIV conspiracy theorising is an important variable in understanding attitudes towards PrEP among gay men. Its roots are in adverse social experiences (e.g. discrimination, poor contact with healthcare professionals) and its consequences may be the rejection of PrEP. HIV prevention and PrEP campaigns must focus on prejudice reduction and on challenging conspiracy beliefs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Conspiracy theories, discrimination, gay men, HIV, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP).
Subjects: C800 Psychology
L700 Human and Social Geography
L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2020 12:23
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2021 17:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/44816

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