Mechanism of Vanadium Leaching during Surface Weathering of Basic Oxygen Furnace Steel Slag Blocks: A Microfocus X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Electron Microscopy Study

Hobson, Andrew J., Stewart, Douglas I., Bray, Andrew W., Mortimer, Robert J. G., Mayes, William M., Rogerson, Michael and Burke, Ian T. (2017) Mechanism of Vanadium Leaching during Surface Weathering of Basic Oxygen Furnace Steel Slag Blocks: A Microfocus X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Electron Microscopy Study. Environmental Science & Technology, 51 (14). pp. 7823-7830. ISSN 0013-936X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b00874

Abstract

Basic oxygen furnace (BOF) steelmaking slag is enriched in potentially toxic V which may become mobilized in high pH leachate during weathering. BOF slag was weathered under aerated and air-excluded conditions for 6 months prior to SEM/EDS and μXANES analysis to determine V host phases and speciation in both primary and secondary phases. Leached blocks show development of an altered region in which free lime and dicalcium silicate phases were absent and Ca–Si–H was precipitated (CaCO3 was also present under aerated conditions). μXANES analyses show that V was released to solution as V(V) during dicalcium silicate dissolution and some V was incorporated into neo-formed Ca–Si–H. Higher V concentrations were observed in leachate under aerated conditions than in the air-excluded leaching experiment. Aqueous V concentrations were controlled by Ca3(VO4)2 solubility, which demonstrate an inverse relationship between Ca and V concentrations. Under air-excluded conditions Ca concentrations were controlled by dicalcium silicate dissolution and Ca–Si–H precipitation, leading to relatively high Ca and correspondingly low V concentrations. Formation of CaCO3 under aerated conditions provided a sink for aqueous Ca, allowing higher V concentrations limited by kinetic dissolution rates of dicalcium silicate. Thus, V release may be slowed by the precipitation of secondary phases in the altered region, improving the prospects for slag reuse.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
F200 Materials Science
F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
H200 Civil Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2020 09:03
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2020 09:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/44828

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