Multi-task Deep Learning with Optical Flow Features for Self-Driving Cars

Hu, Yuan, Shum, Hubert and Ho, Edmond (2020) Multi-task Deep Learning with Optical Flow Features for Self-Driving Cars. IET Intelligent Transport Systems, 14 (13). pp. 1845-1854. ISSN 1751-956X

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End_to_End_Learning_Motion_Representations_for_Self_Driving.pdf - Accepted Version

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-its.2020.0439

Abstract

The control of self‐driving cars has received growing attention recently. Although existing research shows promising results in the vehicle control using video from a monocular dash camera, there has been very limited work on directly learning vehicle control from motion‐based cues. Such cues are powerful features for visual representations, as they encode the per‐pixel movement between two consecutive images, allowing a system to effectively map the features into the control signal. The authors propose a new framework that exploits the use of a motion‐based feature known as optical flow extracted from the dash camera and demonstrates that such a feature is effective in significantly improving the accuracy of the control signals. The proposed framework involves two main components. The flow predictor, as a self‐supervised deep network, models the underlying scene structure from consecutive frames and generates the optical flow. The controller, as a supervised multi‐task deep network, predicts both steer angle and speed. The authors demonstrate that the proposed framework using the optical flow features can effectively predict control signals from a dash camera video. Using the Cityscapes data set, the authors validate that the system prediction has errors as low as 0.0130 rad/s on steer angle and 0.0615 m/s on speed, outperforming existing research.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: The project was supported in part by the Royal Society (Ref: IES\R2\181024 and IES\R1\191147).
Uncontrolled Keywords: traffic engineering computing, image sequences, video signal processing, feature extraction, learning (artificial intelligence), image motion analysis, automobiles, cameras, monocular dash camera, vehicle control, consecutive images, control signal, motion-based feature, flow predictor, self-supervised deep network, supervised multitask deep network, optical flow features, dash camera video, multitask deep learning, self-driving cars
Subjects: G400 Computer Science
G500 Information Systems
G700 Artificial Intelligence
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Computer and Information Sciences
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2020 11:51
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2021 13:04
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/44927

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