Numerical modelling of the flow in a swelling preform during LCM mould filling

Salokhe, Shivam, Rahmati, Mohammad and Masoodi, Ryan (2021) Numerical modelling of the flow in a swelling preform during LCM mould filling. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 40 (13-14). pp. 490-504. ISSN 0731-6844

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Composite industry increasingly uses natural fibres because of their environment-friendly advantages. These natural fibres may swell during the mould filling process when they absorb resin, and this swelling reduces the porosity and permeability of the preform. Hence, computational modelling of the flow in swelling porous media would be useful to model the different mould filling processes with the swelling effect. This paper demonstrates the possibility of using computational fluid dynamics to study the effect of swelling on liquid composite moulding mould filling in isotropic and orthotropic porous media. An empirical relation for local permeability changes is used to model the flow of resin under constant volume flow rate and constant injection pressure conditions. The flow front locations and inlet pressure predicted by the computational fluid dynamics simulations are in good agreement with the experimental data for 1D rectilinear flow case. Further, to capture the flow patterns, two different arrangements employing point injection are considered. It was observed that the volume fraction of resin in swelling porous medium is 6 less than rigid porous medium at any given time. It was also observed that the location of the inlet and outlet has a considerable effect on the flow front advancement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Porous media, swelling, permeability, the volume of fluid method, liquid composite moulding, Darcy law
Subjects: H700 Production and Manufacturing Engineering
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
H900 Others in Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2020 13:16
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 16:32

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