A Pitch Angle Controller Based on Novel Fuzzy-PI Control for Wind Turbine Load Reduction

Xu, Bofeng, Yuan, Yue, Liu, Haoming, Jiang, Peng, Gao, Ziqi, Shen, Xiang and Cai, Xin (2020) A Pitch Angle Controller Based on Novel Fuzzy-PI Control for Wind Turbine Load Reduction. Energies, 13 (22). p. 6086. ISSN 1996-1073

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/en13226086

Abstract

A novel fuzzy rule is proposed to adopt a positive pitch strategy when the error between the measured and rated generator speed becomes large and continues to increase, and to adopt a negative pitch strategy when the error is small. The improved approach is introduced into the normal Fuzzy-Proportional-Integral (Fuzzy-PI) control strategy by dividing the fuzzy rules into four areas and analyzing the design method for each area. Furthermore, a low pass filter is used to reduce the ultimate loads of the pitch driver caused by the novel fuzzy rules. The modeling of the wind turbine load under turbulent wind conditions is conducted in GH Bladed, and MATLAB/Simulink is used to interact with the modeling to verify the novel Fuzzy-PI control. The results show that, compared with normal Fuzzy-PI control, the novel Fuzzy-PI control can greatly reduce the ultimate loads and fatigue loads of the pitch driver. The novel Fuzzy-PI control not only reduces the extremum of power deviation, but also decreases some ultimate loads and fatigue loads of the tower base and the blade root. It can reduce these loads by up to 21.53% under the normal turbulent wind condition and by up to 18.14% under the extreme turbulent wind condition.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: wind turbine, fuzzy rules, Fuzzy-PI control, load reduction, pitch angle controller
Subjects: H300 Mechanical Engineering
H900 Others in Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2020 11:06
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2020 11:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/44992

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