Slippery liquid-infused porous surfaces: The effect of oil on the water repellence of hydrophobic and superhydrophobic soils

Mccerery, Rebecca, Woodward, John, McHale, Glen, Winter, Kate, Armstrong, Steven and Orme, Bethany (2020) Slippery liquid-infused porous surfaces: The effect of oil on the water repellence of hydrophobic and superhydrophobic soils. European Journal of Soil Science. ISSN 1351-0754 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.13053

Abstract

Soil wettability is important for understanding a wide range of earth system processes, from agricultural productivity to debris flows and sediment fan formation. However, there is limited research considering how soil–water interactions, where the soil grains are naturally hydrophobic, might change in the presence of oil from natural hydrocarbon leakage or oil spills. Here we show how slippery liquid‐infused porous surfaces (SLIPS) apply to hydrophobic soils, by physical modelling of surfaces of different grain sizes and examining their interactions with water before and after impregnation with silicone oil. Using contact and sliding angle measurements and laser scanning fluorescence confocal microscopy, we demonstrate that soil SLIPS can be created with thick oil layers and thin conformal oil layers on median grain sizes of 231 μm and 32 μm, respectively. Until now, SLIPS have only been observed in human‐made materials and biological surfaces. The mechanisms reported here demonstrate that SLIPS can occur in natural granular materials, providing a new mechanism for water‐shedding in soil and sediment systems. Furthermore, the water‐shedding properties may be long lasting as conformal oil layers are stabilized by capillary forces. These results have important implications for understanding soil physics and mechanics where oil is present in a soil, and for agricultural hydrophobicity on shallow slopes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: earth processes, hydrophobicity, oil contamination, sediments, slippery liquid-infused porous surfaces, soil systems, soil water repellence, superhydrophobicity
Subjects: F600 Geology
F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2020 12:28
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2020 12:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45033

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