Welfare State Spending, Income Inequality and Food Insecurity in Affluent Nations: A Cross-National Examination of OECD Countries

Hossain, Md Belal, Long, Michael A. and Stretesky, Paul (2020) Welfare State Spending, Income Inequality and Food Insecurity in Affluent Nations: A Cross-National Examination of OECD Countries. Sustainability, 13 (1). p. 324. ISSN 2071-1050

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010324

Abstract

Few studies examine the distribution of food insecurity in advanced capitalist nations. This research investigates cross-national food insecurity in the world’s largest economies by estimating the impact of welfare spending and income inequality on food availability (measured by the FAO’s Dietary Energy and Protein Supply indicators) and food accessibility (measured by the Food Insecurity Experience Scale) in 36 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries between the years of 2000 and 2018. Using a series of regression models on panel and cross-sectional data this research found that increases in state spending on social and health care are associated with (1) increases in food availability and (2) increases in food access. However, the findings also suggest that increases in food supplies do not produce more food security. Thus, for the OECD countries in this analysis, food availability is unrelated to food accessibility. We conclude by suggesting that high income countries that seek to promote global health should not only focus their efforts on poverty reduction polices that increase food accessibility within their own boarders, but must simultaneously ensure a more equitable global distribution of food.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: food insecurity; welfare state spending; income inequality; neoliberal reform; cross-national research; OECD countries
Subjects: L300 Sociology
L400 Social Policy
L500 Social Work
L700 Human and Social Geography
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > Social Sciences
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2021 11:57
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2021 12:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45074

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