Landmarks in wayfinding: a review of the existing literature

Yesiltepe, Demet, Dalton, Ruth and Ozbil Torun, Ayse (2021) Landmarks in wayfinding: a review of the existing literature. Cognitive Processing. ISSN 1612-4782 (In Press)

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Landmarks are accepted as one of the vital elements in both virtual and real environments during wayfinding tasks. This paper provides an overview of the existing literature on the selection of landmarks in wayfinding mostly in large-scale urban environments and outdoors by discussing two main aspects of landmarks: visibility and salience. Environments and layouts used in previous studies, different tasks given to people and the main findings are explained and compared. Summary tables are created from these findings. The review concludes that there is mostly a consensus on the selection of landmarks, when considering their location. Accordingly, landmarks on route and also at decision points (with a turn) are more effective during wayfinding tasks. However, visibility of landmarks as well as visual and cognitive saliency need to be further investigated using different environments, tasks or different levels of familiarity with environments.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Landmark, Wayfnding, Navigation, Literature
Subjects: K100 Architecture
K200 Building
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Architecture and Built Environment
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2021 12:26
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 14:40

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