The Long-term Effects of Violent Conflict on Women’s Intra-Household Decision-Making Power

Ajefu, Joseph and Casale, Daniela (2021) The Long-term Effects of Violent Conflict on Women’s Intra-Household Decision-Making Power. The Journal of Development Studies. pp. 1-20. ISSN 0022-0388 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/00220388.2021.1873285

Abstract

Does exposure to civil war during childhood affect women’s later-life intra-household decision-making power? This paper examines the long-term effects of early-life exposure to the Nigerian Civil War on women’s decision-making power within the household, using data from the 2008 Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey. To identify the effects, we adopt a difference-in-differences approach which exploits variation in exposure to the civil war by year of birth and ethnicity. The results show that early-life exposure to the war decreases the likelihood of women’s decision-making power within the household in adulthood. Likely mechanisms include different fertility and marriage choices as well as poorer education, health, and employment outcomes as a result of exposure to the war, which would place women in a more precarious position in the household relative to their partners.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: development
Subjects: L100 Economics
L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Business and Law > Newcastle Business School
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2021 08:35
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2021 08:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45494

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