Enhancing the sensitivity of flexible acoustic wave ultraviolet photodetector with graphene-quantum-dots decorated ZnO nanowires

Yin, Changshuai, Wu, Jianhui, Zhou, Jian, Zhang, Dinghong, Liu, Zhijing, Liu, Xudong, Liu, Lizhu, Zhan, Zhengjia, Garner, Sean and Fu, Richard (2021) Enhancing the sensitivity of flexible acoustic wave ultraviolet photodetector with graphene-quantum-dots decorated ZnO nanowires. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 321. p. 112590. ISSN 0924-4247

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sna.2021.112590

Abstract

Graphene quantum dots decorated zinc oxide nanowires (GQDs@ZnO-NWs) were applied to enhance sensing performance of highly flexible and transparent surface acoustic wave (SAW) ultraviolet (UV) photodetectors made on ultra-thin flexible glass. The developed flexible SAW sensors possess better performance than that of the previously developed polymer based flexible SAW devices, due to insignificant acoustic loss of flexible glass substrate. UV sensitivity of the flexible glass based SAW sensors was enhanced by three times, and the response time was shorten by four times after the sensor was coated with the GQDs@ZnO-NWs hybrid nanomaterials. These improvements are mainly attributed to: (1) large specific surface areas of ZnO NWs which can generate a large number of photon-generated carriers; (2) introduction of GQDs which can reduce the carrier recombination rate. The resonant frequency of flexible glass SAW UV photodetectors exhibited a good repeatability and stability in responses to cyclic changes of the UV lights at different wavelengths. They also maintained a good performance under a bending angle of ∼30° for 200 times without apparent degradation, showing the excellent flexibility and stability of the UV photodetector.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This work was supported by the General Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.52075162), the Key Research Project of Hunan Province (2019GK2111), Innovation Leading Program of New and High-tech Industry of Hunan Province (2020GK2015), the Key Research Project of Guangdong Province (2020B0101040002) and the Natural Science Foundation of Changsha (kq2007026), the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) grants EP/P018998/1.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ultra thin Glass, flexible SAW, GQDs@ZnO NWs, UV sensing
Subjects: F300 Physics
H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
H900 Others in Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2021 13:52
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 16:36
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45502

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