Factors influencing participant compliance in acupuncture trials: An in-depth interview study

Vaingankar, Janhavi Ajit, Cao, Hui-Juan, Li, Xun, Li, Xin-Lin, Ward, Lesley, Xie, Zhan-Guo, Hu, Hui, Zhang, Ya-Jing and Liu, Jian-Ping (2020) Factors influencing participant compliance in acupuncture trials: An in-depth interview study. PLoS ONE, 15 (4). e0231780. ISSN 1932-6203

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0231780

Abstract

Introduction Little is known of acupuncture patients' experiences and opinions of clinical trials, and what may influence their compliance when participating in an acupuncture trial. Objectives To explore the potential factors that influence patients' choice and determinants to participate in acupuncture clinical trials. Methods Ten qualitative, in-depth interviews were conducted with patients from acupuncture clinics in Beijing, who had previously participated in acupuncture clinical trials. Results Four main themes emerged from the interview data: Effectiveness of the treatment, convenience of participating in a trial, doctor-participant communication, and participant acceptance of the treatment (or the trial). Effectiveness of acupuncture in treating the health condition was the most important factor for participant adherence. Pragmatics of treatment schedules, travel and attendance burden, together with confidence in the doctor's ability additionally influenced trial and treatment compliance. Conclusions In-depth interviews suggest that treatment effectiveness, the pragmatics of attending treatment sessions, and the expertise and attitudes of acupuncturists are determining factors of participation and compliance in acupuncture clinical trials. Participants' confidence in, and expectation of, acupuncture may facilitate compliance, while their fear of acupuncture and negative perceptions of the trial's purpose may reduce treatment compliance. Compliance may be facilitated by enhanced doctor-patient communication, personalized treatment programs, and feedback on treatment outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: A300 Clinical Medicine
B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2021 10:03
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 14:42
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45515

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