Interval versus constant-load exercise training in adults with Cystic Fibrosis

Kaltsakas, G., Chynkiamis, Nikolaos, Anastasopoulos, N., Zeliou, P., Karapatoucha, V., Kotsifas, K., Diamantea, F., Inglezos, I., Koulouris, N.G. and Vogiatzis, Ioannis (2021) Interval versus constant-load exercise training in adults with Cystic Fibrosis. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, 288. p. 103643. ISSN 1569-9048

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resp.2021.103643

Abstract

Background:
The efficacy of interval exercise (IE) compared to constant-load exercise (CLE) training remains unsettled in adults with Cystic Fibrosis (CF).

Methods:
Twenty-four adults with CF were randomised to 30-min IE (100% peak work capacity (WRpeak) for 30-s alternated with 40% WRpeak for 30-s; n = 12) or 30-min CLE (70% WRpeak; n = 12) training, 3 times weekly, for 12 weeks. Isometric quadriceps muscle strength was assessed using a strain gauge Myometer.

Results:
The magnitude of improvement in quadriceps muscle strength was greater (p = 0.037) in the IE (by 32 ± 13 Nm) compared to the CLE (by 23 ± 12 Nm) groups. Maximum inspiratory and expiratory mouth pressures were significantly improved only in the IE group (by 30 ± 10 cmH2O; p = 0.009 and 13 ± 4 cmH2O; p = 0.007, respectively). Arterial oxygen saturation during training was higher (p = 0.002) for IE (94 ± 1%) compared to CLE (91 ± 1%), whereas dyspnoea scores were lower (p = 0.001) for IE (3.8 ± 0.7) compared to CLE (5.9 ± 0.8)

Conclusions:
IE is superior to CLE in improving peripheral and respiratory muscle strength and preferable to CLE because it is associated with lower exercise-induced arterial oxygen desaturation and breathlessness.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cystic Fibrosis, Pulmonary Rehabilitation, Interval Exercise, Physical Activity
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2021 08:57
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2021 16:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45527

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