High-Resolution Direct Numerical Simulations of Flow Structure and Aerodynamic Performance of Wind Turbine Airfoil at Wide Range of Reynolds Numbers

Erfanian Nakhchi Toosi, Mahdi, Naung, Shine Win and Rahmati, Mohammad (2021) High-Resolution Direct Numerical Simulations of Flow Structure and Aerodynamic Performance of Wind Turbine Airfoil at Wide Range of Reynolds Numbers. Energy, 225. p. 120261. ISSN 0360-5442

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2021.120261

Abstract

The objective of this study is to develop direct numerical simulations (DNS) to investigate the aerodynamic performance, transition to turbulence, and to capture the laminar separation bubble occurring on a wind turbine blade. Simulations are conducted with spectral/hp element method to investigate the details of flow separation bubble over wind turbine blades with NACA-4412 airfoil at wide range of design parameters. This airfoil is chosen because recent studies have shown that it is challenging to capture the details of the flow instabilities and pressure fluctuations in the separated shear layer of wind turbines by experimental methods. Furthermore, owing to more accurate development of DNS, the separated bubbles at high Reynolds numbers are captured. The results show that the vortex structures shed from the trailing edge of the airfoil by raising the angle of attack (α). Consequently, the fully turbulent flow develops downstream of the trailing edge (Karman vortex). Moreover, the pressure fluctuation significantly increased by raising α. However, some rolling up of the flow structures, similar to Kelvin–Helmholtz rolls, on the pressure surface near the trailing edge, are observed at α>12 °. The separation point was delayed from X sep/C = 0.19 to 0.58 by decreasing α from 16 to 0 at Re = 5 × 10 4.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support received from Engineering Physics and Science Research Council of UK (EPSRC EP/R010633/1).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Direct numerical simulations, Wind turbine, Vortex shedding, Laminar separation bubble, Spectral/hp element method
Subjects: H300 Mechanical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2021 09:21
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 16:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45623

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