Hierarchical Honeycomb-structured Electret/Triboelectric Nanogenerator for Biomechanical and Morphing Wing Energy Harvesting

Tao, Kai, Chen, Zhensheng, Yi, Haiping, Zhang, Ruirong, Shen, Qiang, Wu, Jin, Tang, Lihua, Fan, Kangqi, Fu, Richard, Miao, Jianmin and Yuan, Weizheng (2021) Hierarchical Honeycomb-structured Electret/Triboelectric Nanogenerator for Biomechanical and Morphing Wing Energy Harvesting. Nano-Micro Letters, 13 (1). p. 123. ISSN 2311-6706

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40820-021-00644-0

Abstract

Flexible, compact, lightweight and sustainable power sources are indispensable for modern wearable and personal electronics and small-unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Hierarchical honeycomb has the unique merits of compact mesostructures, excellent energy absorption properties and considerable weight to strength ratios. Herein, a honeycomb-inspired triboelectric nanogenerator (h-TENG) is proposed for biomechanical and UAV morphing wing energy harvesting based on contact triboelectrification wavy surface of cellular honeycomb structure. The wavy surface comprises a multilayered thin film structure (combining polyethylene terephthalate, silver nanowires and fluorinated ethylene propylene) fabricated through high-temperature thermoplastic molding and wafer-level bonding process. With superior synchronization of large amounts of energy generation units with honeycomb cells, the manufactured h-TENG prototype produces the maximum instantaneous open-circuit voltage, short-circuit current and output power of 1207 V, 68.5 μA and 12.4 mW, respectively, corresponding to a remarkable peak power density of 0.275 mW/cm3 (or 2.48 mW/g) under hand-pressing excitations. Attributed to the excellent elastic property of self-rebounding honeycomb structure, the flexible and transparent h-TENG can be easily pressed, bent, and integrated into shoes for real-time insole plantar pressure mapping. The lightweight and compact h-TENG is further installed into a morphing wing of small UAVs for efficiently converting the flapping energy of ailerons into electricity for the first time. This research demonstrates this new conceptualizing single h-TENG device's versatility and viability for broad-range real-world application scenarios.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This research is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China Grant (Nos. 51705429 & 61801525), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, Guangdong Natural Science Funds Grant (2018A030313400), Space Science and Technology Foundation, 111 Project No. B13044, UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) for support under grant EP/P018998/1, Newton Mobility Grant (IE161019) through Royal Society.
Uncontrolled Keywords: honeycomb-inspired structure, morphing wing energy harvesting, electret power generation, triboelectric nanogenerator, self-powered insole pressure mapping
Subjects: F200 Materials Science
H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2021 10:28
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 16:18
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45786

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