Non-pharmacological interventions for adults with autism: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials

Speyer, Renee, Chen, Yu-Wei, Kim, Jae-Hyun, Wilkes-Gillan, Sarah, Nordahl-Hansen, Anders, Wu, Ho Ching and Cordier, Reinie (2021) Non-pharmacological interventions for adults with autism: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. ISSN 2195-7177 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40489-021-00250-1

Abstract

To determine the effects of non-pharmacological randomised controlled trials in adults with autism, a systematic review was conducted across five electronic databases. A total of 3865 abstracts were retrieved, of which 41 articles met all inclusion criteria: randomised controlled trial; non-pharmacological intervention; adults with autism; and English publication. Twenty included studies had strong methodological quality ratings. No meta-analysis could be performed due to heterogeneity between studies. Articles reported on interventions for (1) social functioning and language skills, (2) vocational rehabilitation outcomes, (3) cognitive skills training, and (4) independent living skills. Social functioning was the most studied intervention. PEERS for young adults and Project SEARCH plus ASD support interventions had the strongest evidence. Emerging evidence suggests non-pharmacological interventions could be effective.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, Non-pharmacological intervention, Randomised control trials
Subjects: B300 Complementary Medicine
B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
L400 Social Policy
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Social Work, Education and Community Wellbeing
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2021 16:03
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 16:19
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45871

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