Reliability and validity of physical fitness tests in people with mental disorders: A systematic review and meta‐analysis

de Oliveira Tavares, Vagner Deuel, Vancampfort, Davy, Hallgren, Mats, Heissel, Andreas, Chaparro, Camilo German Alberto Pérez, Solmi, Marco, Tempest, Gavin, de Oliveira Neto, Leônidas, Galvão‐Coelho, Nicole Leite, Firth, Joseph and Schuch, Felipe Barreto (2021) Reliability and validity of physical fitness tests in people with mental disorders: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Physiotherapy Research International. e1904. ISSN 1358-2267 (In Press)

[img] Text
Tempest_2021_ReliabilityValidityCVMH.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 27 March 2022.

Download (308kB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/pri.1904

Abstract

Background
Several tests are available to assess the different components of physical fitness, including cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, and flexibility. However, the reliability and validity of physical fitness tests in people with mental disorders has not been meta‐analyzed.

Aims
To examine the reliability, concurrent, and convergent validity of physical fitness tests in people with mental disorders.

Methods
Studies evaluating the reliability, concurrent, and convergent validity of physical fitness tests in people with mental disorders were searched from major databases until January 20, 2020. Random‐effects meta‐analyses were performed pooling (1) reliability: test–retest correlations at two‐time points, (2) convergent validity between submaximal tests and maximal protocols, or (3) concurrent validity between two submaximal tests. Associations are presented using r values and 95% confidence intervals. Methodological quality was assessed using the Quality Appraisal of Reliability Studies and the Critical Appraisal Tool.

Results
A total of 11 studies (N = 504; 34% females) were included. Reliability of the fitness tests, produced r values ranging from moderate (balance test‐EUROFIT; [r = 0.75 (0.60–0.85); p = 0.0001]) to very strong (explosive leg power EUROFIT; [r = 0.96 (0.93–0.97); p = 0.0001]). Convergent validity between the 6‐min walk test (6MWT) and submaximal cardiorespiratory tests was moderate (0.57 [0.26–0.77]; p = 0.0001). Concurrent validity between the 2‐min walk test and 6MWT (r = 0.86 [0.39–0.97]; p = 0.0004) was strong.

Conclusion
The present study demonstrates that physical fitness tests are reliable and valid in people with mental disorders.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
C600 Sports Science
C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2021 11:24
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2021 11:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45902

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics