High Resolution and Fast Response of Humidity Sensor Based on AlN Cantilever with Two Groups of Segmented Electrodes

Li, Dongsheng, Dong, Hanyong, Xie, Zihao, Zhang, Qian, Qu, Mengjiao, Fu, Richard and Xiea, Jin (2021) High Resolution and Fast Response of Humidity Sensor Based on AlN Cantilever with Two Groups of Segmented Electrodes. IEEE Electron Device Letters. ISSN 0741-3106 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/LED.2021.3073722


Resonant cantilever based on piezoelectric materials is one of the most promising platforms for real-time humidity sensing. In this letter, we propose a humidity sensor based on an AlN piezoelectric microcantilever with a high-order resonant mode and a sensing layer of MoS2. The top electrode of cantilever is designed into two groups of segmented electrodes in order to achieve a high intensity of the resonance peak of the cantilever resonator operated at a high-order mode. Compared with the humidity sensor based on a standard cantilever with the same dimension, the sensitivity of the newly proposed humidity sensor is increased from 5.99 to 778 Hz/%RH when the humidity is about 80%RH. The resolution is increased from 0.21%RH to 0.025%RH because of the improvement of the ratio of sensitivity to noise, which cannot be achieved simply by increasing the frequency. The sensor shows a low hysteresis (5.8%) in a wide humidity sensing range from 10%RH to 90%RH. Moreover, the proposed humidity sensor has good short-term repeatability, fast response (0.6 s) and recovery (8 s) to humidity changes, indicating its great potential for fast-response detection.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: AlN piezoelectric cantilever, high resolution, humidity sensor, MoS2
Subjects: H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2021 13:26
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2021 13:51
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45964

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