A comprehensive review on the impact of β-glucan metabolism by Bacteroides and Bifidobacterium species as members of the gut microbiota

Fernández Juliá, Pedro Jesús, Munoz, Jose and van Sinderen, Douwe (2021) A comprehensive review on the impact of β-glucan metabolism by Bacteroides and Bifidobacterium species as members of the gut microbiota. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 181. pp. 877-889. ISSN 0141-8130

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2021.04.069

Abstract

β-glucans are polysaccharides which can be obtained from different sources, and which have been described as potential prebiotics. The beneficial effects associated with β-glucan intake are that they reduce energy intake, lower cholesterol levels and support the immune system. Nevertheless, the mechanism (s) of action underpinning these health effects related to β-glucans are still unclear, and the precise impact of β-glucans on the gut microbiota has been subject to debate and revision. In this review, we summarize the most recent advances involving structurally different types of β-glucans as fermentable substrates for Bacteroidetes (mainly Bacteroides) and Bifidobacterium species as glycan degraders. Bacteroides is one of the most abundant bacterial components of the human gut microbiota, while bifidobacteria are widely employed as a probiotic ingredient. Both are generalist glycan degraders capable of using a wide range of substrates: Bacteroides spp. are specialized as primary degraders in the metabolism of complex carbohydrates, whereas Bifidobacterium spp. more commonly metabolize smaller glycans, in particular oligosaccharides, sometimes through syntrophic interactions with Bacteroides spp., in which they act as secondary degraders.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: β-Glucans, Bacteroides, Bifidobacterium, Syntrophic interactions, Metabolism, Carbohydrate active enzymes
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
C500 Microbiology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2021 07:38
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 16:46
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45969

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