Charge-Carrier Mobility and Localization in Semiconducting Cu2AgBiI6 for Photovoltaic Applications

Buizza, Leonardo R. V., Wright, Adam D., Longo, Giulia, Sansom, Harry C., Xia, Chelsea Q., Rosseinsky, Matthew J., Johnston, Michael B., Snaith, Henry J. and Herz, Laura M. (2021) Charge-Carrier Mobility and Localization in Semiconducting Cu2AgBiI6 for Photovoltaic Applications. ACS Energy Letters, 6 (5). pp. 1729-1739. ISSN 2380-8195

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.1c00458

Abstract

Lead-free silver–bismuth semiconductors have become increasingly popular materials for optoelectronic applications, building upon the success of lead halide perovskites. In these materials, charge-lattice couplings fundamentally determine charge transport, critically affecting device performance. In this study, we investigate the optoelectronic properties of the recently discovered lead-free semiconductor Cu2AgBiI6 using temperature-dependent photoluminescence, absorption, and optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy. We report ultrafast charge-carrier localization effects, evident from sharp THz photoconductivity decays occurring within a few picoseconds after excitation and a rise in intensity with decreasing temperature of long-lived, highly Stokes-shifted photoluminescence. We conclude that charge carriers in Cu2AgBiI6 are subject to strong charge-lattice coupling. However, such small polarons still exhibit mobilities in excess of 1 cm2 V–1 s–1 at room temperature because of low energetic barriers to formation and transport. Together with a low exciton binding energy of ∼29 meV and a direct band gap near 2.1 eV, these findings highlight Cu2AgBiI6 as an attractive lead-free material for photovoltaic applications.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: The authors acknowledge the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) for financial support. L.R.V.B. gives thanks to the Centre for Doctoral Training in New and Sustainable Photovoltaics and to the Oxford-Radcliffe Scholarship for financial support. H.C.S gives thanks for funding from the EPSRC Prosperity Partnership EP/S004947/1. L.M.H. thanks TUM-IAS for a Hans Fischer Senior Fellowship.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carrier dynamics, Mobility, Electrical conductivity, Perovskites, Materials
Subjects: G900 Others in Mathematical and Computing Sciences
H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2021 13:00
Last Modified: 25 May 2021 13:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45985

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