Use of Cotton Apparel Waste as an Energy Source for Biomass Boilers: A Feasibility Study

Prasanga, Wadumesthri Chethiya, Ranathungage, Amalka Nawarathna and Rathnasiri, Pavithra (2021) Use of Cotton Apparel Waste as an Energy Source for Biomass Boilers: A Feasibility Study. International Journal of Design & Nature and Ecodynamics, 16 (1). pp. 41-51. ISSN 1755-7437

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.18280/ijdne.160106

Abstract

The steady growth of the Sri Lankan apparel manufacturing sector over the last three decades has resulted in generating large amount of solid apparel waste. Currently, it is a massive environmental and financial burden of the sector. As a solution, few apparel manufacturers have initiated using apparel waste, specifically the cotton apparel waste for biomass boilers. The apparel sector as one of the major thermal energy consumers, they consider it as a possible solution not only for the apparel waste disposal issue, but also for the challenge of getting continuous supply of firewood for the boilers. However, the promotion of such a solution throughout the apparel industry is impractical without a feasibility study in terms of social, environmental, financial, legal and technical aspects over its mechanism. Therefore, this research focused to identify the feasibility of using cotton apparel waste for biomass boilers as an energy source. Towards this aim, a qualitative research approach was followed involving the case study strategy. Basically, two cases were selected and analysed the feasibility of using cotton waste for boilers under pre-determined feasibility criteria in detail. Data collection for the case study was done through a document survey and expert interviews. Findings revealed the entire feasibility of environmental, financial, legal and technical aspects and in overall it can be concluded that the use of cotton apparel waste for biomass boilers as an energy source is feasible. Accordingly, this study provides insights into making decisions on managing both waste disposal and heat energy requirement issues of the apparel factories.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: apparel manufacturing industry, apparel waste, biomass boilers, feasibility
Subjects: H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Architecture and Built Environment
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2021 09:49
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2021 10:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45992

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