Smart Parking Systems: Reviewing the Literature, Architecture and Ways Forward

Biyik, Can, Allam, Zaheer, Pieri, Gabriele, Moroni, Davide, O'Fraifer, Muftah, O'Connell, Eoin, Olariu, Stephan and Khalid, Muhammad (2021) Smart Parking Systems: Reviewing the Literature, Architecture and Ways Forward. Smart Cities, 4 (2). pp. 623-642. ISSN 2624-6511

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities4020032

Abstract

The Internet of Things (IoT) has come of age, and complex solutions can now be implemented seamlessly within urban governance and management frameworks and processes. For cities, growing rates of car ownership are rendering parking availability a challenge and lowering the quality of life through increased carbon emissions. The development of smart parking solutions is thus necessary to reduce the time spent looking for parking and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The principal role of this research paper is to analyze smart parking solutions from a technical perspective, underlining the systems and sensors that are available, as documented in the literature. The review seeks to provide comprehensive insights into the building of smart parking solutions. A holistic survey of the current state of smart parking systems should incorporate the classification of such systems as big vehicular detection technologies. Finally, communication modules are presented with clarity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: smart parking systems; architecture; layers; IoT; smart cities
Subjects: G400 Computer Science
K100 Architecture
K400 Planning (Urban, Rural and Regional)
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Computer and Information Sciences
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2021 17:10
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 14:39
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/46050

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