Fundamental Analysis of Vehicular Light Communications and the Mitigation of Sunlight Noise

Eso, Elizabeth, Ghassemlooy, Zabih, Zvanovec, Stanislav, Sathian, Juna and Gholami, Asghar (2021) Fundamental Analysis of Vehicular Light Communications and the Mitigation of Sunlight Noise. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology. pp. 1-14. ISSN 0018-9545 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/tvt.2021.3078576

Abstract

Intelligent transport systems (ITS) rely upon the connectivity, cooperation and automation of vehicles aimed at the improvement of safety and efficiency of the transport system. Connectivity, which is a key component for the practical implementation of vehicular light communications (VeLC) systems in ITS, must be carefully studied prior to design and implementation. In this paper, we carry out a performance evaluation study on the use of different vehicle taillights (TLs) as the transmitters in a VeLC system. We show that, the transmission coverage field of view and the link span depend on TLs illumination patterns and the transmit power levels, respectively, which fail to meet the typical communication distances in vehicular environments. This paper proposes an infrared-based VeLC system to meet the transmission range in daytimes under Sunlight noise. We show that, at the forward error correction bit error rate limit of 3.8 10^-3, the communication distances of the proposed link are 63, 72, and > 89 m compared with 4.5, 5.4 and 6.3 m for BMWs vehicle TL at data rates of 10, 6, and 2 Mbps, respectively.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: Elizabeth Eso acknowledges support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement no.764461 (VISION). Zabih Ghassemlooy acknowledges the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council grant EP/P006280/1: MARVEL and the EU COST Action Newfocus on optical wireless communications (CA19111). Juna Sathian acknowledges the Royal Society International Exchange Grant IES\R3\203061 and Stanislav Zvanovec acknowledges the Czech Science Foundation Project GACR 17-17538S.
Subjects: H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 17 May 2021 15:35
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 14:37
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/46190

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