3D visualisation of psychometric judgements of the ideal male body

Mohamed, Sophie, Kramer, Robin, Thornborrow, Tracey, Pollet, Thomas, Tovée, Martin J. and Cornelissen, Piers (2021) 3D visualisation of psychometric judgements of the ideal male body. Body Image, 38. pp. 295-305. ISSN 1740-1445

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2021.05.003

Abstract

Psychological concerns are frequently indexed by psychometric questionnaires but the mental representations that they seek to quantify are difficult to visualise. We used a set of questionnaires designed to measure men’s concept of their bodies including: the Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS; McCreary & Sasse, 2000), the Perceived Sociocultural Pressures Scale (PSPS; Stice, Nemeroff, & Shaw, 1996a), the Body Appreciation Scale (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015), and the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3; Thompson, van den Berg, Roehrig, Guarda, & Heinberg, 2004). We combined their use with an interactive 3D modelling programme to allow men to create computer-generated representations of their ideal bodies. We used a principal component analysis to extract those shape components of our participants’ CGI ideal bodies that were predicted by the questionnaires and reconstructed the body shapes that these questionnaires were capturing. Moving from the lowest to the highest score on both the DMS and SATAQ corresponded with changes in muscularity, particularly muscle mass and definition. This approach allows us to demonstrate the actual body features that are being captured by a particular questionnaire.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Drive for muscularity, male body image, muscularity, Fat, BMI, Male Body Ideals
Subjects: C800 Psychology
C900 Others in Biological Sciences
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 19 May 2021 13:07
Last Modified: 26 May 2021 10:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/46221

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