Mutualism in ecosystems of innovation and entrepreneurship: A bidirectional perspective on universities’ linkages

Schaeffer, Paola Rücker, Guerrero, Maribel and Fischer, Bruno Brandão (2021) Mutualism in ecosystems of innovation and entrepreneurship: A bidirectional perspective on universities’ linkages. Journal of Business Research, 134. pp. 184-197. ISSN 0148-2963

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2021.05.039

Abstract

The accumulation of knowledge that explains universities’ contributions to innovation and entrepreneurship’s regional eco-systems has mainly adopted a perspective based on technology transfer processes from academia to markets. Alternatively, in this study, we assume the notion of mutualism, based on the biomimetic rationale of eco-system studies that involve bidirectional flows of resources and capabilities to generate interactions and value co-creation among agents. This study theorizes about the interrelation between universities and eco-system actors in two directions: (a) universities fostering and improving eco-systems through their core activities; and (b) eco-system actors shaping capabilities and access to resources for universities. Based on the analysis of five eco-systems in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, our results underscore the existence of mutualism in the relationships established between universities and eco-system agents. The findings also highlighted implications related to the coordination of policies and the need for strategic management practices in mutualistic interactions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Entrepreneurial Universities, Innovation Ecosystems, Entrepreneurship Ecosystems, Bidirectional relationships, University-Industry Collaboration, Emerging Countries
Subjects: N100 Business studies
X900 Others in Education
Department: Faculties > Business and Law > Newcastle Business School
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2021 09:02
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 11:17
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/46301

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