Iterative orthology prediction uncovers new mitochondrial proteins and identifies C12orf62 as the human ortholog of COX14, a protein involved in the assembly of cytochrome c oxidase

Szklarczyk, Radek, Wanschers, Bas FJ, Cuypers, Thomas D, Esseling, John J, Riemersma, Moniek, van den Brand, Mariël AM, Gloerich, Jolein, Lasonder, Edwin, van den Heuvel, Lambert P, Nijtmans, Leo G and Huynen, Martijn A (2012) Iterative orthology prediction uncovers new mitochondrial proteins and identifies C12orf62 as the human ortholog of COX14, a protein involved in the assembly of cytochrome c oxidase. Genome Biology, 13 (2). R12. ISSN 1465-6906

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/gb-2012-13-2-r12

Abstract

Background: Orthology is a central tenet of comparative genomics and ortholog identification is instrumental to protein function prediction. Major advances have been made to determine orthology relations among a set of homologous proteins. However, they depend on the comparison of individual sequences and do not take into account divergent orthologs.Results: We have developed an iterative orthology prediction method, Ortho-Profile, that uses reciprocal best hits at the level of sequence profiles to infer orthology. It increases ortholog detection by 20% compared to sequence-to-sequence comparisons. Ortho-Profile predicts 598 human orthologs of mitochondrial proteins from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe with 94% accuracy. Of these, 181 were not known to localize to mitochondria in mammals. Among the predictions of the Ortho-Profile method are 11 human cytochrome c oxidase (COX) assembly proteins that are implicated in mitochondrial function and disease. Their co-expression patterns, experimentally verified subcellular localization, and co-purification with human COX-associated proteins support these predictions. For the human gene C12orf62, the ortholog of S. cerevisiae COX14, we specifically confirm its role in negative regulation of the translation of cytochrome c oxidase.Conclusions: Divergent homologs can often only be detected by comparing sequence profiles and profile-based hidden Markov models. The Ortho-Profile method takes advantage of these techniques in the quest for orthologs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Orthology Data, Blue Native, Orthology Prediction, Mitochondrial Protein, Hide Markov Model
Subjects: C200 Botany
C400 Genetics
C500 Microbiology
C700 Molecular Biology, Biophysics and Biochemistry
C900 Others in Biological Sciences
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2021 14:28
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2021 14:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/46404

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