Changes in sexual behavior among high-school students over a 40-year period

Borneskog, Catrin, Häggström-Nordin, Elisabet, Stenhammar, Christina, Tydén, Tanja and Iliadis, Stavros I. (2021) Changes in sexual behavior among high-school students over a 40-year period. Scientific Reports, 11 (1). p. 13963. ISSN 2045-2322

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The aim of this study was to investigate sexual behavior, contraceptive use, risk factors as well as sources of sex information among first-year high-school students in Sweden. Secondly, to assess differences between genders and study programs as well as changes over a 40-year period. A repeated cross-sectional survey was conducted in two cities. A questionnaire comprising 77 items was used. The study population consisted of 415 students (63.4% females). The median age of sexual intercourse was 15 years. In total, 37% had had sexual intercourse, compared to 56.3% in 2009 and 45% in 1999 (p <0.001), and the proportion of students who had their first sexual intercourse was not influenced by gender. More students in vocational programs (46.3%), compared to theoretical (33.3%), had experience of at least one sexual intercourse (p = 0.019). The same extend of contraception use at first and latest intercourse was reported, compared to previous studies. Forty-nine percent were mostly informed about sex from the internet, while in previous years, magazines, family and youth clinics were the main information sources. Comparing over time, students were in general less sexually experienced and less engaged in non-penetrative sex and physical intimacy. These findings call for a new approach, when designing sex and relationship education and health-care counseling in adolescents.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: Research funded by Uppsala University (464280711).
Subjects: A900 Others in Medicine and Dentistry
B700 Nursing
L700 Human and Social Geography
L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Nursing, Midwifery and Health
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2021 10:02
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2021 08:45

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